Professional Readings Full Archives

Series: 156
An Advanced Engagement Battlespace: Tactical, Operational and Strategic Implications for the Future Operational Environment
11/29/2017
Series: 155
Adapting to Strategic Change: Organizational Change and Adaptation in the US Army
10/1/2017
Series: 154
Extending the Battlefield
10/1/2017
Series: 153
Army showcases stealthy, hydrogen fuel cell vehicle
9/18/2017
Series: 152
Objective Metropolis: the Future of Dense Urban Operational Environments
8/31/2017
Series: 151
The Strange Tale of the Norden Bombsight
8/14/2017
Series: 150
Risk Culture: Similarities & Differences between State and DoD
8/4/2017
Series: 149
Defense is from Mars, State is from Venus: Improving Communications and Promoting National Security
7/31/2017
Series: 148
Military Review October 1992
7/17/2017
Series: 147
Revitalizing Wargaming is Necessary to Be Prepared for Future Wars
7/2/2017
Series: 146
The End of the Asian Century: War, Stagnation, and the Risks to the World’s Most Dynamic Region
6/16/2017
Series: 145
Reflections on TRADOC’s Analysis of the Yom Kippur War (pages 220-225)
6/6/2017
Series: 144
Some New, Some Old, All Necessary: The Multi-Domain Imperative
5/13/2017
Series: 143
Lethality Upgrade: Why a New Stryker Variant is Needed on the Modern Battlefield
5/13/2017
Series: 142
The Indo-Asia Pacific and the Multi-Domain Battle Concept
5/8/2017
Series: 141
What the Past Teaches about the Future
5/1/2017
Series: 140
That Elusive Operational Concept
4/22/2017
Series: 139
Grant’s Disengagement from Cold Harbor (pages 176-209 found in the book Cold Harbor to the Crater)
4/18/2017
Series: 138
Countering the Unmanned Aircraft Systems Threat
4/10/2017
Series: 137
Thinking Like a Russian Officer
4/1/2017
Series: 136
The Future of the Army
3/27/2017
Series: 135
Letter to President George W. Bush et al re Predicting the Future
3/20/2017
Series: 134
The Culture of Strategic Thought Behind Russia’s Modern Approach to Warfare
2/13/2017
Series: 133
Expeditionary Land Power: Lessons from the Mexican-American War
3/6/2017
Series: 132
Running Things
2/27/2017
Series: 131
Selected Foreign Counterparts of U.S. Army Ground Combat Systems and Implications for Combat Operations and Modernization
2/21/2017
Series: 130
The Strategic Value of Conventional Land Forces
2/13/2017
Series: 129
Tooth to Tail
2/6/2017
Series: 128
Transforming the Force: The 11th Air Assault Division (Test) from 1963-1965
1/30/2017
Series: 127
Cyber Beyond Third Offset: A Call for Warfighter-Led Innovation
1/23/2017
Series: 126
NATO's Land Forces: Strength and Speed Matter
1/18/2017
Series: 125
The Institutional Level of War
1/4/2017
Series: 124
Personal Memoirs of Ulysses S. Grant v1 Chapters XXXII & XXXIII
1/4/2017
Series: 123
Landpower and American Credibility
12/27/2016
Series: 122
The US Army’s Postwar Recoveries
12/19/2016
Series: 121
The Panther Brigade in Operation Inherent Resolve
12/12/2016
Series: 120
The Area Under the Curve
12/5/2016
Series: 119
US Naval Forces Before and Beyond Battle
11/28/2016
Series: 118
The Islamic State's Militarization of Children
11/21/2016
Series: 117
Turkey’s Operation Euphrates Shield: An Exemplar of Joint Combined Arms Maneuver
11/14/2016
Series: 116
The Future Operating Environment 2050 - Chaos, Complexity and Competition
11/7/2016
Series: 115
War Goes Viral
10/31/2016
Series: 114
Mobility, Vigilance, and Justice: The US Army Constabulary in Germany, 1946-1953
11/24/2016
Series: 113
Is the Conduct of War a Business?
10/18/2016
Series: 112
Putin's Information Warfare in Ukraine
10/11/2016
Series: 111
Beyond Coastal Artillery
10/4/2016
Series: 110
The Battle of Manila (pages 91-122)
9/27/2016
Series: 109
Precision and Consequences for the Modern Battlefield
9/19/2016
Series: 108 A
Rediscovering the Art of Strategic Thinking
9/6/2016
Series: 108 B
The Strategic Development of Tactical #Leadership
9/6/2016
Series: 107
What It Means to be Expeditionary
9/6/2016
Series: 106
NATO's Next Act
8/29/2016
Series: 105
Vicksburg and Multi-Domain Battle
8/23/2016
Series: 104 A
Innovation: Past and Future
8/17/2016
Series: 104 B
The Relevance of Culture
8/17/2016
Series: 103
Cross-Domain Synergy-Advancing Jointness
8/9/2016
Series: 102 A
Into the Greasy Grass
8/2/2016
Series: 102 B
The Uncertain Role of the Tank in Modern War: Lessons from the Israeli Experience in Hybrid Warfare
8/2/2016
Series: 101
Hawks, Doves and Canaries: Women and Conflict
7/26/2016
Series: 99
The 1974 Paracels Sea Battle and China's Maritime Militia
7/11/2016
Series: 100
The Mud of Verdun
7/18/2016
Series: 98
Cheap Technology Will Challenge U.S. Tactical Dominance
7/6/2016
Series: 97
Landpower and American Credibility
6/25/2016
Series: 96
The Lure of Strike
6/22/2016
Series: 95
The Hell After ISIS
6/14/2016
Series: 94
Tactics and Mechanization
6/7/2016
Series: 93
Cyberwar in the Underworld - Anonymous versus Los Zetas in Mexico
5/30/2016
Series: 92
Strategic Landpower in the Indo-Asia-Pacific
5/23/2016
Series: 91
The Next Korean War: Drawing Lessons From Israel’s Experience in the Middle East
5/10/2016
Series: 90
A Retrospect on Close Air Support (Chapter 11 Page 535)
5/10/2016
Series: 89 A
The Future Is Growing Brighter For U.S. Combat Vehicles
6/22/2016
Series: 89 B
Reimagining and Modernizing U.S. Airborne Forces for the 21st Century
6/22/2016
Series: 88 A
Israel’s Operation Protective Edge
4/27/2016
Series: 88 B
Aerial Interdiction: Air Power and the Land Battle in Three American Wars
4/26/2016
Series: 87
Confronting the Threat of Corruption and Organized Crime in Afghanistan
4/20/2016
Series: 86
Eurasia's Coming Anarchy
4/12/2016
Series: 85
Cyber Threats and Russian Information Warfare
4/4/2016
Series: 84
The U.S. Is Losing the Social Media War
3/29/2016
Series: 83
Colombia - A Political Economy of War to an Inclusive Peace
3/21/2016
Series: 82 A
Definition of ‘Decisive’ Depends on Context
3/15/2016
Series: 82 B
How Should We Think About “Gray-Zone” Wars
3/15/2016
Series: 81
The Contemporary Spectrum of Conflict: Protracted, Gray Zone, Ambiguous, and Hybrid Modes of War
3/8/2016
Series: 80
Concepts, Doctrine, Principles from "Technology and Military Doctrine Essays (Essay 3 Page 19)
2/27/2016
Series: 79
The Sinister Shadow of Escalating Middle East Sectarianism
2/22/2016
Series: 78
Strategy and Grand Strategy: What Students and Practitioners Need to Know
2/17/2016
Series: 77
Arming Our Allies: The Case for Offensive Capabilities
2/9/2016
Series: 76
Forging Australian Land Power: A Primer
2/2/2016
Series: 75
How to Win Outnumbered
1/25/2016
Series: 74
Frontline Allies: War and Change in Central Europe
1/21/2016
Series: 73
To Change an Army
1/12/2016
Series: 72
The Use and Abuse of Military History
1/5/2016
Series: 71
ARCIC Professional Reading #29 and Professional Reading #43
12/30/2015
Series: 70
Gaming the "System of Systems”
12/22/2015
Series: 69
Chief of Staff of the Army’s Speech to the National Guard Association of the United States
12/14/2015
Series: 68
Information Warfare: What Is It and How to Win It?
12/9/2015
Series: 67
War and the Art of Governance
12/1/2015
Series: 66 A
General James 'Mad Dog' Mattis Email About Being 'Too Busy To Read' Is A Must-Read
11/24/2015
Series: 66 B
Fiction Belongs on Military Reading Lists
11/24/2015
Series: 65
How the U.S. Army Remains the Master of Landpower
11/18/2015
Series: 64
Testimony of Walter Russell Mead to the United States Senate Committee on Armed Services
11/10/2015
Series: 63
In Defense of Classical Geopolitics
11/3/2015
Series: 62
The Islamic State and Information Warfare
10/26/2015
Series: 61
Wake Up, America, to a Strategic New World
10/19/2015
Series: 60
Limiting Regret: Building the Army We Will Need
10/14/2015
Series: 59
The Use of Indigenous Forces in Stability Operations (page 69)
10/3/2015
Series: 58
Pursuing Strategic Advantage: The Utility of Armed Forces in Peace, War, and Everything In Between
9/26/2015
Series: 57
Gangs of Karachi
9/21/2015
Series: 56
Experimental Units: The Historical Record
9/12/2015
Series: 55
Governing the Caliphate: the Islamic State Picture
9/5/2015
Series: 54
Will Humans Matter in the Wars of 2030?
8/29/2015
Series: 53
The Case for Deterrence by Denial
8/25/2015
Series: 52
Precision Firepower - Smart Bombs, Dumb Strategy
8/20/2015
Series: 51
Conventional Deterrence in the Second Nuclear Age
8/11/2015
Series: 50
Hybrid Warfare and Challenges
8/4/2015
Series: 49
Experimentation in the Period Between the Two World Wars: Lessons for the Twenty-First Century
7/26/2015
Series: 48
Chapter 3, Shape, Engage, and Consolidate Gains from Army Field Manual 3-98, Reconnaissance and Security Operations
7/1/2015
Series: 47
Predicting Future War
7/12/2015
Series: 45
UNITED STATES SENATE COMMITTEE ON THE ARMED SERVICES, Hearing, Tuesday, April 28, 2014, United States Policy on Europe
6/30/2015
Series: 44
Top Russian General Lays Bare Putin's Plan for Ukraine
6/22/2015
Series: 43
8 Unique Values: Why America Needs the Army
6/16/2015
Series: 42
Post Crimea Europe: NATO In the Age of Limited Wars
6/9/2015
Series: 41
American Landpower and the Two-war Construct
6/2/2015
Series: 40
Operations of the Natural Resources Counterinsurgency Cell (NRCC): Theory and Practice Implementing Non-lethal Unconventional Warfare Approaches in Eastern Afghanistan
5/28/2015
Series: 39
Bridging the Planning Gap: Incorporating Cyberspace into Operational Planning
5/18/2015
Series: 38
Defeating the Islamic State: A Financial-Military Strategy
5/11/2015
Series: 37
Superiority
5/5/2015
Series: 36
Clausewitz Out, Computer In: Military Culture and Technological Hubris.
4/30/2015
Series: 35
Robotics on the Battlefield Part II: The Coming Swarm
4/23/2015
Series: 34
Why Wargaming Works
4/15/2015
Series: 33
Louisiana Maneuvers (1940 - 41)
4/8/2015
Series: 32
'It Just Took a Few': the Tank in New Guinea Campaign
3/30/2015
Series: 31
The Shadow Commander
3/23/2015
Series: 30
Rethinking Operation Protective Edge, The 2014 Gaza War
3/18/2015
Series: 29
Why do we need an Army?
3/12/2015
Series: 28
DARPA: Nobody's safe on the Internet
3/2/2015
Series: 27
States, Insurgents, and Wartime Political Orders
2/23/2015
Series: 26
The Future of Military Innovation Studies
2/16/2015
Series: 25
A Case Study in Innovation
2/9/2015
Series: 24
The Joint Force Commander's Guide to Cyberspace Operations and FireEye Cyber Threat Map
2/2/2015
Series: 23
The Power of Discourse
1/26/2015
Series: 22
Management's New Paradigms
1/20/2015
Series: 21
The Dynamics of Military Revolution, 1300-2050; Chapter 10
1/12/2015
Series: 20
To Change an Army
1/5/2015
Series: 19
Where Good Ideas Come From
12/15/2014
Series: 18
Superiority
12/8/2014
Series: 18
When Superiority Goes Wrong: Science Fiction and Offset Strategies
12/8/2014
Series: 17
Thinking About Innovation
12/1/2014
Series: 17
The Anatomy of Change: Why Armies Succeed or Fail at Transformation
12/1/2014
Series: 16 A
The M1 Abrams Today Tomorrow
11/24/2014
Series: 16 B
Bringing Mobility to the Infantry Brigade Combat Team
11/24/2014
Series: 16 C
Losing Our Way The Disassociation of Reconnaissance and Security Organizations from Screen, Guard, and Cover Missions
11/24/2014
Series: 15
The Rhyme of History Lessons of the Great War
11/17/2014
Series: 14
France's War in Mali, Lessons for an Expeditionary Army
11/10/2014
Series: 13
More Small Wars Counterinsurgency Is Here to Stay
11/3/2014
Series: 12
"Big Five" Lessons for Today and Tomorrow
10/27/2014
Series: 11
The Human Dimension White Paper
10/20/2014
Series: 10
The Great Revamp: 11 Trends Shaping Future Conflict
10/13/2014
Series: 9
Threat posed by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), al-Qa'ida, and other Islamic extremists; written testimony of General James M. Mattis, USMC (Ret.), former commander of the U.S. Central Command (CENTCOM)
10/6/2014
Series: 8
Land Warfare Doctrine 1; The Fundamentals of Land Power 2014
9/29/2014
Series: 7
The Strategic Utility of Land Power
9/22/2014
Series: 6
Observations on the Long War
9/15/2014
Series: 5
The Nightmare Years to Come?
9/8/2014
Series: 4
Ensuring a strong US Defense in the future
8/18/2014
Series: 2
Toward a Secure and Stable Northern Mali
8/4/2014
Series: 1
Groupthink: The Brainstorming Myth
7/21/2014

Series: 156 11/29/2017

Team,

Although conflict and violence remain immutable to the nature of war, the methods through which nations pursue political goals continue to evolve and change. How the changing character of conflict manifests and what the Army must do to prepare for tomorrow requires our continued study of the profession of arms to learn how today’s world will shape tomorrow’s conflicts. Prescience isn’t perfect. As the historian Sir Michael Howard observed, “No matter how clearly one thinks, it is impossible to anticipate precisely the character of future conflict.” While we cannot predict the future; we can anticipate based on observable trends. But as Howard warned, “The key is to not be so far off the mark that it becomes impossible to adjust once that character is revealed.”

Anticipating the demands of future armed conflict requires an understanding of continuities in the nature of war as well as an appreciation for changes in the character of armed conflict. Technological advances and changes in strategic guidance, joint operating concepts, and security challenges require the U.S. Army to innovate to ensure that forces are prepared to accomplish future missions. Shifts in the geopolitical landscape caused by competition for power and resources influence the character of armed conflict. These shifts, and violence associated with them, occur more rapidly than in the past due to advances in technology, the proliferation of information, and the associated increased momentum of human interaction. As stated in the Army Operating Concept, “the character of future warfare evolves based upon assigned missions; the operational environment; emerging technologies; and changes in enemy capabilities, objectives, and will.”

In this week’s professional reading, “An Advanced Engagement Battlespace: Tactical, Operational and Strategic Implications for the Future Operational Environment” the TRADOC G2 explores the operational environment and the changing character of conflict by analyzing the implications at the tactical, operational, and strategic levels. TRADOC G2’s essay contends that future conflicts, referred to as engagements in the essay, share a common premise: advances in sensing, precision attack, and decision-making will fundamentally alter the character of future conflict. The essay argues that future conflict will be compressed in time, as the speed of weapon delivery and their associated effects accelerate enormously; extended in space, in many cases to a global extent, via precision long-range strike and interconnectedness, particularly in the information environment; and far more lethal, by virtue of ubiquitous sensors, proliferated precision, high kinetic energy weapons and advanced area munitions; routinely interconnected – and contested -- across the multiple domains of air, land, sea, space and cyber. The essay further argues that future conflict will be interactive across the multiple dimensions of conflict, not only across every domain in the physical dimension, but also the cognitive dimension of information operations, and even the moral dimension of belief and values.

The essay concludes by illustrating the importance of concepts, integrating capabilities, and learning. Concepts build on what is timeless and enduring: joint and combined arms warfare will be even more potent because of the increased potential for cross-domain synergy. Future synchronization challenges will be far more daunting because cause and effect must be orchestrated across multiple domains but since Special Operations Forces, conventional forces, interagency and multinational partners will operate alongside one another in ill-defined environments they require interoperability, integration, and interdependence far greater than what is achieved today.

TRADOC G2’s essay provides insights important to the continuing development of the Multi-Domain Battle concept. Army leaders develop and mature concepts for future armed conflict, assess concepts in experimentation and other learning activities, and use what is learned to drive future force development. The Multi-Domain Battle concept will guide and inform subsequent concepts and activities that develop doctrine, organizations, training, materiel, leadership and education, personnel, and facilities (DOTMLPF) capabilities. To request additional information or participate in the development of the Multi Domain Battle Concept contact COL Mike Runey, Chief, Joint and Army Concepts Division, (757) 501-5271, michael.d.runey.mil@army.mil, or Mr. Mark C. Smith, Deputy JACD Division Chief, (757) 501-5270, mark.c.smith11.civ@mail.mil.

Information and the latest articles on Multi-Domain Battle may be accessed at: http://www.tradoc.army.mil/MultiDomainBattle/index.asp

Link to TRADOC G2 Mad Scientist information: https://community.apan.org/wg/tradoc-g2/mad-scientist

This week's professional reading can be found at the following URL: http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/an-advanced-engagement-battlespace-tactical-operational-and-strategic-implications-for-the-

The following Army Warfighting Challenges are directly related to this week's topic:
#1 Develop Situational Understanding:

How to develop and sustain a high degree of situational understanding while operating in complex environments against determined, adaptive enemy organizations.

#2 Shape the Security Environment:

How does the Army influence the security environment and engage key actors and local/regional forces in order to consolidate gains and achieve sustainable security outcomes in support of Geographic Combatant Commands and Joint requirements.

#4 Adapt the Institutional Army and Innovate:

How to improve the rate of innovation to drive capability development and deliver DOTMLPF-P solutions to the warfighter at a pace that meets operational demand within the existing constraints of the acquisition and budgeting processes.

#8 Enhance Realistic Training:

How to train Soldiers, leaders and units to ensure they are prepared to accomplish the mission across the range of military operations while operating in complex environments against determined, adaptive enemy organizations.

#9 Improve Soldier, Leader, and Team Performance:

How to develop resilient Soldiers, adaptive leaders, and cohesive teams committed to the Army professional ethic that are capable of accomplishing the mission in environments of uncertainty and persistent danger.

#10 Develop Agile and Adaptive Leaders:

How to develop agile, adaptive, and innovative leaders who thrive in conditions of uncertainty and chaos and are capable of visualizing, describing, directing, and leading and assessing operations in complex environments and against adaptive enemies.

#14 Ensure Interoperability and Operate in JIM Environment:

How to integrate joint, inter-organizational, and multi-national partner capabilities and campaigns to ensure unity of effort and accomplish missions across the range of military operations.

#15 Conduct Cross-Domain Maneuver:

How to conduct combined arms air-ground maneuver to defeat enemy organizations and accomplish missions in complex operational environments.

#19 Exercise Mission Command:

How to understand, visualize, describe, and direct operations consistent with the philosophy of mission command to seize the initiative over the enemy and accomplish the mission across the range of military operations.

#20 Develop Capable Formations:

How to design Army formations capable of rapidly deploying and conducting operations for ample duration and in sufficient scale to accomplish the mission.

Continuous feedback, collaboration, and teamwork are keys to the success of the Campaign of Learning and driving innovation in the Army. Please use the Army Warfighting Challenges as the framework to contribute your ideas and recommendations with respect to this topic to improve our ability to innovate as we develop the current and future force.

The Army Warfighting Challenges (AWFC) framework may be accessed here:

Please contribute to the Army Warfighting Challenges.

  • Public site (not requiring a CAC or password): ARCIC Website
  • MilBook collaboration site
  • SIPR Net collaboration site: https://intellipedia.intelink.sgov.gov/wiki/Army_Warfighting_Challenges

For previous weekly readings go to: ARCIC Professional Readings

All the best,

Bo