"Multi-domain battle reintroduces the idea that converged cross-domain capabilities across DOTMLPF are an absolute prerequisite for success"
Understanding the operating environment, threats, and technology is important to ensure future Army forces are prepared to prevent conflict, shape security environments, and win in future war as part of the Joint Force. Anticipating the demands of future armed conflict not only requires an understanding of the immutable nature of war but also an appreciation of the changes in the character of armed conflict. New technologies and changes that stem from new strategic guidance, revised operating concepts, and emerging security challenges require the Army to stay ahead of change by operating differently and providing the Joint Force with unique capabilities that enable it to prevent conflict, shape security environments, and win wars.
In this week's professional reading, "The Battle of Convergence in Four Dimensions," an essay originally published in 1992, MAJ Robert Toguchi and James Hogue recognize that advances in technology employed during Operation Desert Storm have potential to improve the operational effectiveness of the future force by expanding operations into "all dimensions." Toguchi and Hogue argue that these advances will enable forces to converge capabilities to "hit the enemy from all possible approaches" with greater precision, speed, and efficiency.
Although AirLand Battle enabled US forces to rapidly destroy the Iraqi Army, it focused primarily on two domains. To maximize the potential of new technology by expanding operations into all domains and converge capabilities, the authors propose a new operational concept: "Battle of Convergence - Four Dimensions" (BOC IV). The objective of BOC IV is to deny enemy freedom of action by dominating all domains and dictating the terms of operations. To achieve this objective, BOC IV entails the synchronization and maneuver of dispersed air, naval, space, and ground capabilities in time and space. The authors conclude that BOC IV's emphasis on synchronizing and converging capabilities from all domains will improve Joint Force integration and the operational effectiveness of Joint operations.
This week's professional reading highlights the importance of thinking clearly about the problem of future warfare. To develop BOC IV, Toguchi and Hogue examined threats, missions, technology, and history. The authors considered the spectrum of threats and an array of missions in complex, mountainous, and desert terrain that the Joint Force could potentially execute. Advances in technology enable forces executing BOC IV to achieve greater depth, synchronization, flexibility, and simultaneity but leaders must always recognize that technology has limits and there are no "silver bullet" technological solutions. Operations and campaigns by General Helmuth von Moltke, Napoleon, and General Eisenhower provided historical insight on the problems and prospects convergence entails. Ultimately, BOC IV represents a conceptual foundation for the future informed by changes in the character of conflict.
To develop a sound conceptual foundation of the future that drives future force development, Army leaders think clearly about future armed conflict; learn in a focused, sustained, and collaborative manner; analyze what is learned and then implement solutions to overmatch enemies and adversaries. Various ARCIC and TRADOC initiatives and efforts enable Army leaders to develop concepts and capabilities that improve future force effectiveness. For example, the Army's Mission Command Network must enable commanders to develop and maintain situational understanding and maneuver across domains to dispersed locations in order to conduct joint combined arms operations. The Network Integration Evaluation (NIE) is the Army's largest annual operational exercise that integrates, tests, and evaluates network systems and capabilities to enable senior leaders to make informed modernization decisions. The Joint Modernization Command will conduct the next NIE at Fort Bliss, TX 19-31 July 2017.
Another important venue is the Mad Scientist program. Mad Scientist is a TRADOC initiative and a community of action that continually explores the future through collaborative partnerships and continuous dialogue with academia, industry and government. The next Mad Scientist event, 25-26 July 2017, will explore the characteristics of a multi-domain battle in 2050; future roles of Leaders and Soldiers; potential ethical dilemmas created by emerging technologies; disruptive technologies; and dense urban environments, all of which will help inform the development of the Multi-Domain Battle Concept. Ultimately, NIE and Mad Scientist are but a few of the many TRADOC and ARCIC events that help shape the future Army.
ARCIC and TRADOC also participate in numerous external events that inform future force development and strengthen collaboration between the Army, and Joint and Multi-National partners. The Regional Commanders Conference will create a common vision and shared understanding of ways to address U.S. and NATO defense posture and force development concerns to ensure current and future interoperability and readiness to execute Multi-Domain Battle.
To learn more about the Network Integration Evaluation (NIE), Information may be accessed here
To learn more about Mad Scientist or participate in the event at Georgetown University virtually, access the following link:
To learn more about Multi-Domain Battle and read the latest articles, information may be accessed here